NEW YORK -- Apple needs to come down off its perch and start making nice with Wall Street, analysts said Thursday as investors hammered the company’s stock.
The sell-off put Apple a hair’s-breadth away from losing its status as the world’s most valuable company. At Thursday’s close, it was worth $423 billion, just 1.6 percent more than No. 2 Exxon Mobil Corp.
The plunge was set off Apple’s quarterly earnings report late Wednesday, which suggested the company’s nearly decade-long growth spurt is slowing drastically.
The stock ended down $63.51 or 12 percent, at $450.50. It last traded that low a year ago.
What can Apple do to boost its stock? Analysts say it may not be able to win back the investors who bought the stock on the way up. They’ll be chasing the next hot stock. But the company can make itself appealing to a new crop of investors who’ve never considered the stock by doing what Wall Street wants and doling out more of its massive cash pile in the form of more generous dividends and stock buybacks.
Apple’s profits for the October-December quarter were flat compared with the year before. It still managed to grow revenue 18 percent from the year before, but the cost of starting up production lines for multiple new products like the iPhone 5 and iPad Mini meant that less revenue flowed to the bottom line.
Of even more concern to investors: Apple’s forecast sales growth for the current quarter is around 7 percent compared with a year ago --far from the 50-percent-plus rate it’s often hit in recent years.
To be sure, Apple products haven’t lost their appeal. Apple CEO Tim Cook said the company couldn’t make enough iPhones, iPads and iMacs in the holiday quarter to satisfy demand, so the appeal of Apple’s products is intact. The problem is rather that Apple hasn’t launched a revolutionary new product since the iPad in 2010. Apple is still massively profitable, but its growth is moderate.
"The company is at a bit of a crossroads," said Nomura Securities analyst Stuart Jeffrey. "It’s gone from launching big hit products where they didn’t have to look at the competitive landscape -- they just did their own thing -- and the growth meant they didn’t have to focus on the whims of Wall Street."
The problem, Jeffrey said, is that Apple hasn’t adjusted to this reality and worked to find new constituencies among investors. Those who invest in fast-growing companies or chase rising stocks have abandoned the company, and Apple doesn’t do enough to attract value and income investors.
Apple sits on a cash pile of $137 billion, which currently earns about 1 percent annual interest. It’s a hoard that frustrates many, and analysts are virtually unanimous in their opinion that Apple should be putting it to better use.
Apple has taken a step in the right direction, as far as Wall Street is concerned. Last year, it instituted a quarterly dividend of $2.65 per share, a generous sum compared with most technology companies, but paltry when measured against companies with similar cash reserves. It has also started using cash to buy back shares -- another way to reward investors.
But analysts say the company should be doing more. Jeffrey calculates that Apple will generate about another $103 billion over three years, but has only committed to returning $45 billion of this $240 billion in cash to shareholders.
"The company needs to change strategically in a number of ways... including in looking after shareholders," Jeffrey said.