WASHINGTON (AP) -- Americans cut back on using their credit cards in March, suggesting many were reluctant to take on high-interest debt to make purchases.
Consumer borrowing rose just $8 billion in March from February to a seasonally adjusted $2.81 trillion, the Federal Reserve said Tuesday. It was the smallest increase in eight months.
The gain was driven entirely by more loans to attend school and buy cars. The category that measures those loans increased $9.7 billion to $19.6 trillion.
A measure of credit card debt fell $1.7 billion to $846 billion. That’s 17.2 percent below the peak of $1.022 trillion set in July 2008.
Since the recession, consumers have been more cautious about using credit cards. Economists believe consumers will stay cautious this year, in part because of an increase in Social Security taxes that has reduced tax-home pay for most Americans.
Cooper Howes, an economist at Barclays, said consumers have been trying to get better control of their debts since the recession hit and he predicted this trend will continue.
While the Fed does not release a breakdown between auto and student loans, Howes said his analysis of the Fed data indicates that almost 80 percent of the March increase reflected student loans.
Consumers increased their spending from January through March at the fastest pace in more than two years. However, they had to trim the pace of their savings to finance the faster spending. Their after-tax income dropped by the largest amount since the final three months of the recession in 2009. Part of the drop in after-tax income reflected the increase in Social Security taxes that took effect on Jan. 1.