How does your organic garden grow?
In 2009, when the Obama family planted a kitchen garden at the White House, they re-ignited a trend that had been largely dormant for the past century.
The simple act of tilling up the lawn and sowing seeds inspired thousands of families to dig up their own back yards and plant vegetable gardens.
This return to our agricultural roots resonates with what Thomas Jefferson once declared, as "the noblest pursuit," and the Obamas set the stage for Americans to rediscover the simple pleasures of growing their own food.
For some, growing food is a welcome alternative to the high cost of packaged foods purchased in supermarkets. For others, it is a way of life that provides healthy exercise and engages all of the senses through a rich tapestry of colors, fragrance and flavors. When you cultivate a vegetable garden, you actively engage with your source of food and integrate with your natural surroundings in a way that far surpasses the experience of purchasing food at the market. Growing your own food is the next logical step beyond "local."
When I planted my first vegetable garden, I began with the four-square system, which is one of the oldest and most practical methods -- it goes back seven centuries. The system has evolved through the ages, and, in its best form, it combines classic design with the principles of organic gardening.
A four-square garden simplifies the process of figuring out where to place your plants every year, since you are grouping plants based on plant family, while naturally building the soil to improve productivity.
When plants are grown in the same location year after year, they can be weakened by soil-borne diseases. In the four square garden, you are creating a garden that will be self-sustaining, as well as self-improving, every year. You are working with nature to constantly upgrade the natural balance in your vegetable garden.
Start by dividing your garden into four equal squares, and designate each bed marked by the plant type and what they need nutritionally.
Lettuce and other leafy greens are grown in a bed marked "nitrogen." Mark another bed "potassium" for the root crops, to sow the carrots, beets and onion family. Another bed will contain the phosphorus-loving crops, or anything that forms a fruit, such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplant. Finally, you will have soil builders, which represent the legume family, including beans and peas, which release nitrogen back into the soil. At the end of the season, rotate the crops, so the leafy greens will be planted where the legumes had grown, and the legumes where the root crops had grown, etc.
Growing food for family and friends is one of the best ways we can effect positive change in our communities. When we bring our families together around the table to share our love for good homegrown food, we are cultivating a healthy choice that spreads beyond our own back yard.
Teaching basic skills, such as how to build a compost pile to keep waste out of landfills, how to encourage natural pollinators like honeybees and how to cook with simple, whole foods harvested seasonally may seem like small steps, but when we learn to become responsible consumers, we also reclaim our health as a nation.
Ellen Ecker Ogden is the author of ‘The Complete Kitchen Garden' and co-founder of ‘The Cook's Garden seed catalog.' She is a garden consultant and will teach a four-square garden design workshop at the Northshire Bookstore on April 17.
If you go ...
What: Garden workshop in Alan Benoit's Sustainable Living series
When: 7 p.m. Thursday, April 17
Where: Northshire Bookstore, Manchester
TALK TO US
If you'd like to leave a comment (or a tip or a question) about this story with the editors, please email us. We also welcome letters to the editor for publication; you can do that by filling out our letters form and submitting it to the newsroom.